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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  February 6, 2020 6:00pm-7:00pm PST

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judy: good evening, am judy woruff. on the "newshour" tonight, the tday after presidemp takes a victory lap, tearing into those who would have him removed from office. speaker nancy pelosi says he is beneath the dignhoy of the white e. outbreak as fatalities from the coronavirus continue to rise, we sit down with china's ambassador to the u.s. about containing ths deadly illne a vote of no-confidence confidence after errors in iowa send the primary process reeling, the democrats struggle to right the election. less, the syrian civil war and an oscar nomination.
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the filmmakers behntd the documeary. >>at i know will be next, killed or dead or injured. i want to do my best for these people. judy: all that and more on tonight's "pbs newshou >> major funding for the "pbs newshour" has been provided by -- >> on an american cruiseline's journey along the mississippi river, travelersxplore classic antebellum homes, civil war battlefields and historic american towns. a board our fleet o paddle wheelers and riverboats, you can experience local culture and isine and relive american history. american cruz lin, --cruiseli
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thank you. judy: -- stephanie: good evening, i am stephanie sy. we will return to jud woodruff and the rest of the program after these headlines. the bitter feud between president trump and democratic speaker of the house nancy pelosi played t in real time cabefore televisioras today. the pleasant -- president claimed victory one der his acquittal in the senate impeachment trial. he celebrated among supporters and the white house and shot back at democrats for "corrupt instigations." pres. trump: we went through hell unfairly, did nothing wrong, did nothing wrong. i have done things wrong in my life, i will admit.[laughter] pres. trump: not purvesely, but i one things wrong. but this ishat the end result is. [applause] pres. trump: now we have that gorgeous word. i never thought a word would
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sound so good. it is called total acquial. we have been going through this over three years. it was people. -- evil. it was corrupt, it was dirty this should never to ad liars. president, ever. nancy pelosi is a horrible person and she wanted to impeach a long time ago. she said i pray for the president. she may pray, but shepprays f theite. stephanie: an hour earlier house speaker pelosi lambasted mr. trump at a news conference. ms. pelosi: he is so off the track of our constution, our values, our country, the air our student -- children breathe he needs our prayers. he can say whatever he wants. i pray for him and i do so sincerely and without english. he is impeached forever, no
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matter what heays or whatever adlines he wants to carry. are never getting rid of thatu scar. history will always rord that you were impeached for undermining the security of our, coun jeopardizing the integrity of our elections, and violatinthe constitution. next year we will have a new president. imperative for our stephanie: we will talk to historians later to examine this moment of political divide. news just out of iowa this evening with 100% of precincts reporting, former south bend, indiana mayor pete buttigieg vermoly defeated senator bernie sanders in the first of the nation caucus, but today the national chair of the arty called for re-canvas of the results after technical glitches marred the process.
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we will return t that story later. china's coronavirusutbr ik growing with authorities in new cases in the past 24 hours.0 that brings the total to more than 31,000 cases. the death ll rose by 73 to 636. the dead include a doctor in wuhan who police tried to silence after he sounded the alarm about t virus in december. in geneva they said they cannot tellhe the outbreak will subside. >> there is still a lot we do not know. we do not know the source of the outbreak. and we do notun properlyatural rstand its transmit ability or severity. deat this outbreak we need answers to all those questions. stephanie: late tonight the state department announced two additional planes parted wuhan,
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head for the u.s.. judy woodruff interviews china's ambassador later. the white house announced u.s. counterterrorism operation killed the head of al qaedan qasim al-raymi was the founder of al qae and the arabian peninsula come along considered one of the most dangerouste branches of thorism network. al-raymi claimed responsibility for the shoin pensacola in december where an aviation training killed three american sailors. in the middle east three more palestinians died as violence surged in the wake of president trump's peace plan. in the west bank israeli forces shot and killed two palestinians. in jerusalem footage capred an arab israeli man shooting at security forces before he was kill earlier a palestinian rammed a car into soldiers, injuring 12. australia finally getting the heavy rain it needs to dow's
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wildfires, but it comes at the cost of flooding. storm and flood alerts went u today in new south wales andan queensestates. it is expected to last several days. the man accused of killing 22 people at a walmart in el paso, texas last august has been charged with federal hate crimes. 22-year-old patrick crusius faces 90 counts for allegedly he had already been facing a state capital murder charge to which he pleaded not guilty last year. the u.s. interior department today implemented plans to allow drilling and mining in parts of two national following the plan to downgrade the escalante. conservation and native american groups are challenging the cuts in court. the trump administration will bar new york city residents from expedited programs to speed passage through ctoms and
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airport security. the announcement blames a state law that bars immigration officials from accesseg motor vehi records. state officials say it is retaliation for the city's sanctuary law protecting migrants. the u.s. justice department sounded the alarm on china today. fbi director christopher wray warned beijing isorking to steal u.s. technology by any means necessary. >> the fbi has about 1000 investigations involving china's technology in all 56 of oured field offices and spanning every industry and sector. they are not just targeting defense companies. they have targeted companies producing everything from proprietary rice and corn seeds to software for wind turbines. stephanie: sti to come on "pbs newshour" the ambassador to the u.s. on the deadly coronavirus.
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democrats in disarray as the fallout from the iowa caucuss. contin state of disunion, historians analyze a moment of peak partisanship and much more. >> this is the "pbs newshour" from weta studioswa iington and from the west from the walter cronkite school of journalism from arizona state judy: there is no sign yete of ronavirus outbreak slowing down in china. more than 50 million people live in citiesen that have eally been locked down to try to slow its spread, but the number of infections has shot up throughout this weekend there are many questionsbout the way the chinese government has handled the outbreak since the beginning. mass quarantine shelters have been set up and there are reports tonight that infected people are being taken to designated centers.
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cui tiankai, china's ambassador to the united states joins me now. thank you for joining us. i want tte q what president xi h said. he calls this a major test of china's system and capacity for governance. can you say with confidence you are anywhere near controlling this outbreak? cui tiankai: i think the whole chinese nation is fightingro ths virus now. this is a tough fighta big challenge. but we have the confidence that we will eventuallyontrol the outbreak and win the battle, because we have very strong leadership underresident xi jinping. we have 1.4 billion people united and determined. and we have hundreds of
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thousands of doctors, medical workers, men and women in uniform, and others fighting at the very front with dedication. and, of course, we are working so closely with other countries, with international organizations, like the world health organization. judy woodruff: at the me time, we read, mr. ambassador, the hospitals in the affected areas are way over capacity. you're hteing to set up orary shelters. thi tiankai: yes. judy woodruff: i an acknowledgment that this virus is moving faster than anyone there expected? cui tiankai: you see, this is a new ot long ago, nobody knew it. so, this is an entirely new type of challenge to ever and you see, the city of wuhan has over a dozen people living and the province oi, of which wuhan is the capital city, the province has a population of about 60 million people, almost one-fifth of the u.s. populaon, or the entire
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population of and thince covers the area of the size of north dakota. so you can imagine cow difficult ld be to identify the virus, the newirus, detect the outbreak, and also mobilize the whole public health system and build the pacity. but we are doing everything we can. judy woodrf: are the numbers that your government is producing every day numbers that the world can trust, tbers of people who have been infected, the number of deaths? i'm asking because there are real questions about this. cui tiankai: now we are publishing numbers every day. these numbers e outcome of very careful screening throughout the area. of course, there were still people who are suspect o
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infection, but not determined, a not identifitruly affected by the virus. so that's why thannumbers are ng every day. but we're doing our best to have the numbers as accurate as possible. judy woodruff: at the same time, there is a chinese vice premier who it's reported has ordered the authorities in wuhan to round up all the residents who were infected and to pio them in isolor in designated places. we are told there's a city, investigators have been told to go into every home to check people's temperature. this sounds like something tha's not realistic. can this be done? cui tiankai: according to our experts, and according to institutions like who, so far, the be way we know how to stop the outbreak, to stop the virus is to cut off all possible channels of infection, the spread of the virus.
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so that is exactly what we are doing now. judy woodruff: but by the idea of going into individual -- every single residence, it sounds like an enormous, impossible job. cui tiankai: you see, everybody wants to go to the hospital to be sure whether they are affected. but there could be a huge crowd in hospitals. that's why we are going to every home, to servehe needs of the ople. they need such determination, whether they are affected or not. judy woodruff: the reason i ask you, mr. ambassador, whether the world can trust the numbers of your government is, we know the initial report about the coronavirus, the doctor who issued his warning, his concern, he was criticized. he was detained. he was told that he had to sn a statement saying he had made false comments that severely disturbed the social order, and i'm quoting. three weeks lar china clared a virus outbreak as a national
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emergency. how big mistake was that? cui tiankai: you see, as i said earlier, this is a new virus. nobody knew it beforehand. so, at the initial stage, you have to go through a period of tests, a period of trying to identify the new virus to know more about it. but this dr. li, he was a very devoted doctor. tjudy woodruff: reports nt he has died. cui tiankai: yes, i'm really saddened by the news of his death. i think he is such a devoted doctor. we are so grateful to him to whatever he has done in our int efforts. judy woodruff: but at a time when it was clear thrnment wanted good news, and this is bad news, if tre was ever a time for telling the truth in china, is this not the time? cui tiankai: i think we are telling peop the truth. that's why you have such growing of course, we also see that the
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number of people who are cured is already much larger than the cases of death. en this iuraging, but this is not enough. we have to do more. we have to do much more. judy woodruf will people be nished if they don't -- if the news is not good, if they find the problem is bigger in some places than the government had realized? cui tiankai: will be encouraged to tell the truth. maybe, at the initial stage, such people are not full understood and appreciated by everybody. this could happen anywhere. but our goal is to encourage people to tell the truth and to confront the challenge. and people will only be punished if they fail to do that. judy woodruff: one other thing i want to ask you about, mr. ambassador, so much to d tcuss, clearlde relations, so much else between our two bu is the report that we mentioned earlier in the program. two of the most senior u.s. law enforcement officials today, the
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attorney general, the head offb th said that china's efforts to, in their words, steal american technology and trade secrs, especially by your tech giant huawei, constitute what they call the greatest long-term threat to e americnomic vitality. why shouldn't americans vi cichina with worrynd sus? cui tiankai: that's a very good question. i don't see any reason at all why they should be so worried, why they should be -- they should have such suspicion, without any grounds. you e, i have been here for quite a long -- and i have heard such people putting all the blame, accusations, groundless accusations on china. but, honestly, i think these accusations sound more like their own job descriptions. judy woodruff: wt do you mean? cui tiankai: maybe that's something they are dng every day. judy woodruff: you mean they are jeopardizing american economic --
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cui tiankai: no, maybe they arei to steal things from other countries. you see, the blame they put, the accusations they put on totally groundless. huawei is a privately owned mpany. but how can people be punished because they are just doing very well in their research, they are making themselves more competitiv this is the market. it' competitive in the market. judy woodruff: this is a conversaon i hope we can ntinue in the future. cui tiankai: of course, any time. judy woodruff: china's ambassador to the united states cui tiankai, thank you very much. cui tiankai: thank you, madam. thank you. ♪ judy: after the confusion following iowa's democratic presidential caucuses this past monday candidates running for president are trying to find
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solid ground in the granite state of new hampshire. latest from iowa a final on the sprint to win the first primary. >> we might want the decisions of the iowa caucus before the election. in new hampshire today vermont senator bern sanders told reporters that, despite iowa's delays, he's certain he was the winner. sen. bernie sanders: what i want to do today, three days late, is to thank the people of iowa for the very strong victory they esgave us at the iowa caucn monday night. william brangham: sanders expressed frustration wire the enrocess in iowa, and stressed that, regardless of who got more of iowa's delegates, he got more actual voters. sen. bernie sanders: mr.ig bug and i will end up with the same amount of delegates, 1r now eachably a little bit more. that's what will happen. it ain't going to change. and what certainly cs not going nge is the fact that, in terms of the popular vote, we won a decisive victory. william brangham: south bend,
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indiana, mayor pete buttigieg ig tro ride the momentum from his strong showing in iowa. pete buttigieg: i have seen it in your faces from those fi st visits wheme through. william brangham: at a campaign event in merrimack, new hampshire, today, he reminded supporters just how far his campaign has come. pete buttigieg: all the way down to these last few days that are bringing us to decision time and the importance of making sure that we are ready to win andth making sur we are ready the leave once we do. -- to lead once we do. william brangham: buttigieg may have the slight edge in delegates, but sanders is the clear winner wheit comes to raising money. the sanders campaign announced today that it pulled in a whopping $25 million last montre that's han any other candidate raised in any full quarter in 2019. the buttigieg team reported it raised near $3 million since the day after the iowa caucus, which included over 20,000 new donors to the campaign. other candidates, ke former vice president joe biden, are acknowledgintheir struggles.
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former vice president joseph biden: i'm not going to sugarcoat it. we ook a gut punch in iowa. william brangham: while on the campaign trail in new hampshire, biden addressed his weak performance in iowa. but biden also didn't hesitate to point out the weaknesses of his opponents, slamming sanders for self-identifying as a democratic socialist. former vice president joseph biden: eve democrat in america up and down the ballot will have fo carry the label senator sanders has choshimself. william brangham: biden also hit buttigieg on his lack of experience. former vice president joseph biden: for this party to s nominate someone who'ver held an office higher than mayor of a town of 100,000 people in indiana. [applause] former vice president joseph biden: i do believit's a risk. william brangham: in new hampshire, billionaireall activist tom steyer pointed out ttigieg's struggle to win over black voters. tom steyer: i can put together the kind of diverse coalition that we need to have to beat trump. and that's something, if yout looke people who are running fopresident, there are people who are struggling to do that, like pete buttigieg. william brangham: massachusetts senator elizabeth warren, also
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coming off a disappoinng showing in iowa, stressed party unity. tsen. elizabeth warren: a only way we're going to turn that around, the only way we're going to make this government work for us starts right here in the democratic primaries. william brangham: warren will join six other democratic contenders on a new hampshire debate stage tomorrow night, the candidates' next chance to boost their position before the state's primary nextuesday.o hereeak down what this iowa news means for the democratic party and the 2020 candidates is robert costa. he's the moderator of "washiton week" here on pbs and a national reporter for the washington post. he joins us from the post newsom. bob, thanks for being here. after this debacle in iowa, and i think that is the technical term for it, dnc chair tom perez says he wants iowa democrats to do a recanvass. can you explain, what does that actually mean, and how much does it matter? robert costa: a recanvass is not a recount.
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a recount is a counting of what the chairman of the democratic party wants to do, following all the frustration about the iowa resul is go back and look at the math, look at the data that was reported from different precincts, and retabulate those forms, rather than going to count eachdu indi williagham: so, i guess we will wait the see what the results of that are. but, certainly, what does this do for democratic party unity? i mean, this is, we know this is not all the dnc's fault, wha happened in iowa, but this has got to be disruptive for the internal mechanism of thparty. robert costa: there is a real push right now in the democratic party, based on my conversatns with my campaigns, to move more toward a primary-only system in the future, that there are so many problems when it comes to caucuses and how it'sdo , how it's arranged, how results are collected, that, in the future, you could see the away from iowa, a state that'sng 90% white, and new hampshire, a small, tiny state in new england, moving more toward diverse states to begin the
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buimary nominating contest also away totally from caucuses. and that's a trend thatg s begily to build this week. william brangham: so, shiftingan now to thedates, normally, after the first big primary or caucus, there's this push to see the mantle of being th front-runner. we now have two candidates who are trying to claim that role the victor out of iowa. how do you see that shaking out? robert costa: you see, in senator sanders, a campaign that has been a movement campaign going back to his owrun in 2016. and he's trying consolidate the left wing of the democratic party, looking ahead not only to new hampshire, which he won in 2016, but ahead to super tuesday in early march. and mayor buttigieg sees vice president biden's limited arformance in iowa and se lane ahead for himself to try to consolidate that centrist wing of the democratic party. it's not going to be easy. thone's a lot of competi not only v.p. biden, but senator klobuchar and others.
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and, of course, you cannot forget former new york mayor michael bloomberg sitting there ready for super tuesday, spending millions on advertisin william brangh: you mentioned the limited performance of former vice president joe biden. this iowa result hasot to seem like a pretty bad result for him. mean, he referred to it as a gut punch himself. robert costa: he did refer to it as aunch. but when you talk to his top campaign advisers and his allies -- i was just on the with ted strickland, the former governor of ohio. he said, for vice president biden, it's always been about south carona, because he's making a case to the entire democratic party nationally that he's the candidate who cawin not just white voters in iowa and older voters in new hampshire, who are mostly white as well, but win over black voters, win over the entire obama coalition, serving as vice he's making te that, in obama. the long term, he's the only candidate who can do so. but his campaign acknowledges publicly and more privately igat he needs ahowing in south carolina in a few weeks in late february.
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william brangham: and what about elizabeth warren? one of my colleagues mentioned earlier today that she dy n't do baough to get press and she didn't do well enough to get press. what happens to her in this mix? robert costa: she's in a difficult political position, because senator sanders continues to rise, raise a ton of money, and she's competitive, but she's not able to eat into his core support on the left of the democratic party at this but she does have oney, and she has a strong reputations among grassremocrats, who see her as a version of senator sanders, a left-wing ideology, but someone who camaybe win over more voters in the center. so, she's pulling from different parts of the democratic party. you cannot count her out at this point. new hampshire will be a test. it's a neighboring state to massachusetts, as well as being a neighboring state to senator sanders and his rmme state of t. william brangham: all right, bob costa of the washington post and "washington week," thank you so much. robert costa: thank you.
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judy: we can never know how the eyes of history will look back on the present, but we can be confident this was a confidentialov -- consial week that exposed deep political divisions in this country. acwe want to step to reflect how this moment in america compares with the past and what it may say about the fure. with presidential historian michael beschloss, ellen fitzpatrick and carolyn lukens meyer at the national institute for civil discourse in arizo. michael, has this been as consequential a week as those of us who cover thisll of the ti? michael: an awful lot goingat on
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nce. the big theme is how divided this nation is. especially the stath of the unioother night. judy, there are some ceremies that were almostnvented to bring thnation together, threean es of government. the president speaks, usually, a civilized atmosphere. that has been slowly breaking down over the years. but we have never seen a scene like the other night, where the cooperation between the two parties was at such a minimum, and you had the campaign chant of "four more years," ch open hostility between the speaker and the president and the vice president. judy woodruff: ellen fitzpatrick, is th a standout week? modernistory where we have seen this kind of sort of politics on fire, ifou will? ellen fitzpatrick: not k that we're in sort of uncharted waters here, in which we're seeing a kind of performative element made for television.
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in the early 1980's, ronald reagan started the pross of introducing members of the audience and working references to them into his state of the union address. but, here, the whole process integrated conferring an honor on rush limbaugh, which truly was an innovation of sorts. so, i think that trump isum president is very alive to , the elements of televisiss media, and is gearing did gear the address to those realities. judy woodruff: carolyn lukensmeyer, as somebody who looks at political discourse, political debate, whatoes this moment say, do you think, about our political about the body politic? carolyn lukensmeyer: well, i think what we have teen, judy, ov last really more than four years, but intensely in the last three or four, is that what started out as hyperpartisanship in congress is now like a virus that has gone across the
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couny. and we have now embedded it, as michael said, in one of the traditions of our democracy that was intended to brinyone together. so, the potential for this becoming even worse during what we all expect to be a quite vicious 2020 campaign is of high concern, in terms of how we cane ascans, deal with the differences that are now so writ judy woodruff: so, michael, as somebo who thinks about american history a lot, in theve past, when we ad these kinds of divisions, how have americans dealt with it? michael beschloss: well, one of two ways. uei mean, the good news, i, is that we have been there before. this is not as bad as the 1850's, when the country was being completely torn apart by slavery, and it lminated in the civil war.
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1932, americans were divided over what you doo t of the great depression. 1940, do you stand up to hitler? vietnam in the late 1960's was dividing american families. so, you look bk, how did we geout of these thing it's basically one of two ings. eis er, god forbid, there' crisis. you wouldn't want a civil war, or an external crisis, like wod war ii and the threat hitler and the imperial japanese, that caused americans to resolve their differences and fight the war, or you have president who says, part of my job is to bring people gogether. i ha a role to propose policies that divide people, but also part of my job is to be chief of state. dwight eisenhower in 195came a the time of mccarthyism, very bitter divisions, and said, my big job is to ucote this try. judy woodruff: and, ellen it's one of the examples michael
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has cited or something else, do you see how this country, how the american people work their way through this? ellen fitzpatrick: well, d metimes, it doesn't happen as quickly as we woke. michael's reference to the civil wais a telling one. in 1856, charles sumner, a united states senator from massachusetts, was almost beatel to death on thr of the united states senate by a congressman amid the debate ovea as and svery and its extension. it was a horrific moment, but, in some ways, a liminaone that dramatized the divisions that existed in the socty as a whole. and so i think there's reason for people to be anxious and worried about the nature ofes very public and very raw divisions that are being articulated by our leadership at this moment, our elected entatives, who seem to n be bringing pele together, as much as reflecting or mirroring these deep divisions.
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i guess the upside, if there is one, is that, usually, extremism overreaches, and the pendulum does swing back. and that has been the case repeatedly in american history. judy woodruff: carolyn d lukensmeyeyou see the seeds of that right now? and i guess i'm sitting here thinking, is there any degree to which it's better for us to air our differences in this country, omther than to try to find sort of artificial compromise that paperover what people are really believing? udrolyn lukensmeyer: well, i think i have another source of good news about how we can get out of this. given the work we do at the national institute for iivil discour'm always asked or often asked, am i optimistic or pessimistic about where we are and our ability to get out of it?
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and i it's a very quick and easy answer for me. it all depends on what i pay attention to. if i watch the president's twee, if i watch the nationa narrative, if i watch social media, i'm very pessimistic about our ability to get beyond this and out of it. but if i pay attention to what we have the privilege of seeing inommunities all over this nation on a regular basis, the vast majority of americans know how wrong this is. an they actually have a hunger to be connected across the divides. judy woodruff: and hearing that, michael, is it on any level healthy r americans to air their differences, to air their deep divisions? michael beschls: yes. judy woodruf because there are places in the world where people can't do that. michael beschloss: that's for sure. and that's what the founders wanted. they were trying tmake the society different from england, where differences were not
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lowed to be aired. we agree with the sically say, so that part of it is good. but am i allowed to also complain about the founders? they assigned too much of this to the president of the united states. they expected that the first president would be george washington, who would unite the country, americans would know how hard the revolution was, they'd all me together.ra m lincoln called this the mystic chords of memory that stretch back to patriots' graves, that this would unite the country in times o division. it's too difficult. the country is too broad. and donald trump this is not a mpcriticism of president t but his approach, he'd be the first to say, is to cater very much to one part of the country, and fulfill that job of the president to proposel controverslicies, but, as he has said, he doesn't feel it's a big part of his job to unite the country and combine groups that don't otherwise agree. congress.ame thing, we see in
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judy woodruff: so, ellen fitzpatrick, does that suggest that we need to think about the kind of government that we have tand whether it is equipp deal with the world that we live in today? ellen fitzpatrick: i think we need to think more, judy, about the kind of citizens we are. and it seems to me that what the founders, in their defense, michael, really emphasized that we tend to forget is that a and the knowledge e wisdomirtue of the citizens themselves. anit seems to me that there's such a highly personal character to these attacks that are being made in the public sere today, that it is really up to the the fundamental pres andck to values that we share in common, and in some sense to hold our government to thosfundamentalva es. and there's room in th for leaders to emerge.
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in 1950, for instance,enator margaret chase smith stood in the well of the senate and confronted a member of her own party, senator joseph hy, and said, as much as she wanted to see the republican party gain power, she didn't want to see the party ride to victory on what she called the four horsemen of calumny. and she mentioned ignorance and and she said, this isn't a place for character assassination. otherwise, we're really methods.n to t so, there are moments for courageous prwple to step d in our government and o ke those kinds of stands. but it's upe citizens, really, to hold our officials accountable. judy woodruff: carolyn tkensmeyer, ellen fitzpatrick, michael beschlosnk you. michael beschloss: thanks, judy.
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ellen fitzpatrick: thank you, judy. carolyn lukensmeyer: thank you, judy. ♪ ju nations security council the u.s. condemned russia and the syrian governmentor an ongoing onslaught in idlib province, the last holdout of syrians opposed to the regime where rsia, syrian and allied forces have driven hundreds of thousands from the homes. the offensive comes as two films about the syrian war are nominated for besten docry in sunday's academy awards. one is "for sama." we shoul warn viewers there are graphic images that are difficult to watch. as part of our ongoing arts and culture series, nick schifrin the depth of the war's" is about
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destruction and the triumph of love. nick: the darkest days of the sy not the children who lost the lives as they played, not the boys who lost her broraer. not the woman behind the lens. documenting horror and her own mortality. >> i found just because i know that i would be next or dead or injured. i want to do my responsibility for these people. nick: she was the camera woman and he was the doctor who became her husbd. >> our by, her name the sky, we love. nick: sama, their daughter, for whom the film is made. dad is one of the last remaining doctors in aleppo and his life
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isurrounded by death. surrounded by enes of the unimaginle. a monher realizes her s is ad and carries his body through the street. >> for everyone who was living in a war zone, you always had the scenario, what would i do if my cld was killed? what will i dif my wife is lled? i live this scenario so many times. nick: it did not start out so there was hope at the beginning of the syrian revolution in 2011. the pride these syrians felt in bashar al-assad and thet innocence a doctor who became an antiregime activist and thera
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caoman who helped him. >> two years of peaceful you want to change the whole world. nick: then she gets pregnant. she said sama represented hope even before she was born. >> so many times i was getting tit to film when the destr happened. i could feel sama. that feeling of the life inside my body stood against every bad feeling we have seen around. ck: but the russian air force in syrian bombardment on aleppo were serious. their hospital is purposely bombed, killing 53 of their coworkers and friends. he says at one point in aleppo there was no time to grieve.
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surrounded by war, the childrenl are not right. children play in a bombed out bus. >> when i asked about the bus she was paintingwhat happened to this bus? she said cluster bomb and she is four yea old. it was a cluster bomb. they understand what is happening, they adopt -- adapt to that situation. nick: they want the film to become a wake-up call. last weekend they won best documentary in britain's equivalent of the oscars. >>e are ling for accountability. we want people tonow whats going on. the film is a document [indiscernible] l the citizen journalist filmed all over syria in the
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past eight or nine years. nick: today, the darkest days of this w continue in idlib where the syrians and russians are trying to capture the last rebel stronghold. >> there are over 3.5 million civilians living. [indiscernible] nick: edward watts is "for sama" codirector. >> ihat you s the film is still happening today and in some ways, worse thaever. nick: when they were still insideyria they did not knowrv if they would e. he filmed as the regime got to within one block of a hospital considered the unimaginable. they killed daughters in front of their mothers, fathers inhe front of t wives. they were trying to rape people,
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touch em ibad ways. [indiscernible] close the door. aney do not w them to know she is our daughter. nick: what kept them alive was love. filming this scene right before hamsa proposed to >> we do not know when anyone will be killed. what are we waiting for? let's do that and share that love and responsibility wither each o and go through this journey to the end. i love him and he is great, not just a dtor. >> glad to be that. nick: ty are still in love today as they were on their wedding day >> my wedding wh we were dancing, we did not care what was happening around. we heard the sounds of shelling, but it was the mic that was much louder. nick: that is their final
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message. even when things look possibly bleak and a woman arrives dead, nine months pregnant and the baby seems lost --[b y crying] nick: love and hope can overcome despair. >> i have seen that amazing feeling when the baby is born. this is stronger than all the shelling, bombing, crimes the regime was doing. nick: for the pbs newshour, nick schifrin. judy: what a powerful story. "for sama" was badcast on pbs frontline and is streaming for free on and the pbs video app. ♪ her name is christina koch.
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she returned to earth today after setting the record for the longest single female mission in space and set m othestones along the way. amna nawaz has the story. man: christina koch, you're a record-holder. she is out, thumbs up, and a huge smile. amna nawaz: after spending the international space station, or 328 days, to be precise, christina koch, with her two crewmates, parachuted into kazakstan aboard a soviet soyuz capsule early today. she returns to earth as a record-holder, the se longest stay in space by a woman. scott kelly hos the overall record for the single longest stay. that's 342 days in space. wh and peggson holds the record for cumulative time in space, 665 days. koch was asked about this milestone moment while still ont the spacion two days ago. christina koch: i think some people draw inspiration from milestones and from thhat they have seen someone work hard to achieve. so, i hope that those two things
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together, outreach and inspiration, make it worth the talk about these different things that we have had th honor to do. amna nawaz: last fall, koch drew international attention, and a very first all-women space walk alongside jessica meir. that was one of koch's six space walks during her mission. but her walk with meir only happened after a previously scheduled all-women space walk was scrapped because nasa didn't have enough spacesuits to fit two female astronauts. koch told reporters she hopes her work will inspire an eveniv morese group of explorers. christina koch: talking about these milestones for women is actually to honor the people that paved theay for us to be ere we are today. i definitely look forward to a time when demographics are transparent and we don't have any underrepresented groups, but, in the meantime, i think that higighting this story, it helps us to move towards a world where everyone who has a dreamor has toequally as hard to achieve that dream. amna nawaz: koch, now 41, graduated from nasa's academy program, worked at the goddard space ight center, and mpleted nasa's astronaut training in 2015.
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man: christina koch of nasa, the first one through the hatch. amna nawaz: during her time on the space station, she participated in more than 200 research that coulrmprotein cancer treatments, exploring the impact of space on plant biology, and, of course, better understanding the effects of long-term spaceflight on humans, particularly on women. that is key, as nasa begins preparing for potential misshens tooon and mars over the next twoecades. before departing the space station, koch said, although she was ready to return to earth, she would miss these spectacular views, spending time with her crew, and some fun you can only have in space. christina koc's really fun to be in a place where you can just bounce around between the ceiling and the floor whenever you want. amna nawaz: she also took a question from an 11-year-old girl in koch's home state of north carolina. rl: what advice would you give to a girl my age who wanted to
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become an astronaut when they grow up?ch stina koch: i think the best advice i can give to anyone is to follow your passions, to know yourself, do what you love, and also do what scares you. do the things that you think mit be just outside of you reach, but they intrigue you and they call your name. i think that when you achieve those things, you find out what you're capable of. amna nawaz: colonel cady coleman is a former astronaut who flew on t space shuttle missions and spent six months aboard the international space station. catherine "cady" coleman: you space. e have some wen in we have some women in engineering. and at theame time, i will say that it's still not it's stilly not o be a mediocre woman engineer, woman astronaut, woman producer, any of those things. when we have got big problems here on earth to solve, you really need a tegn where you ree the skills of everybody, especially when they're different than yours. there's so many wonderful thingr going on up and i love that there's some attention to it. it's easy to look at that person and go, i wonder if this could be me, or i wonder if this could be my daughter?
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awaz: for the moment, ko said she's excited to get back to gravity's pull. christina koch: i live near the beach, and i absolutely love the so hopefully going for a swim or a surf or just walking my dog on the beach, feeling the sand, feeling the wi those are things that you can't really replicate up here. amna nawaz: down here, koch underwent preliminary l evaluations and will soon return home to houston, her reentry to earth marking a new entry in the history books. for the "pbs newshour," i'm amna nawa judy: tonight'ta brief but splar features an artist who uses his work to shed light on the truth. paul rucker created pieceshat explore mass incarceration, systemic racism, police brutality and c thetinuing legacy of slavery in this country. his story as part of canvas, our
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ongoing story of art and culture. >> the l.a. riots happenedy on birthday, april 29. that was one of the turning points for m. i realized i cannot make artwork about nothing. making artrk is really important to bring truth to light. we repeat history over and over unagain whether we as a coy allow lynchings to take place without any accountability. we have police shootings, shootings byivian such as trayvon martin. slavery and the pron system. one time lapse shows the growth of the u.s. prison system over a cole hundred years. since 1976, we have built, on average, one new prison a week in the united states. we currently have 2.3 million people incarcerated right now. that's one in every 99 people. ack history.ot really about
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it is not white history. this is american history. you have a visceral understanding of history when you hold something that was once used on humans. this is a ship's branding iron,n it was used to brand africans, humans, before they were put on a boat. the branding is s for slave. i want to keep these pieces and show these pieces and allow people to hold them because they tell a story. these objects hold power over all of us right now. and until we, as a society, admit and confro that systemic raci is sewn into the very fabric of who we are as a to dismantle this legacy ofle slavery.ul my father have been lynched if he didn't yield a sidewalk to someone. my father could have been lynched if he said the wrong duword tsomeone. he liveng a time where you had to be really brave, and, unfortunately, really careful. right now i should not have to be careful but, as person ofca , color in amei have to be careful.
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it's my responsibility to bring awareness, regardless of how dangerous it is. my name is paul rucker. this is my brief but spectacular take on the normalization of systemic a structural racism. judy: you can find more brief but spectacular essays on our web site. that's at on the newshour online right now see how a spanish artist transformed an abandoned house into an inspiring public art piec in one city in arkansas. that is o our website, pbs. court - join us tomorrow evening. for all of us from "pbs newshour ," thank you you and we will see you soon. >> major fundingws for "pbs ur" provided by -- >> before we talk about your investments, what is new? >> audrey is expecting. >> twins. >> grandparents.
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>> we want to put money aside. >> let's see what we can adjust. >> change in plans. mom, are you painting again? you can sell these. >> let me guess, change in plans? >> at fidelity, chanlw in plans iss part of the plan. >> american cruiselines. bnsf railway. luconsumerlar. colette. the ford foundation working with visionaries on the front linesof ocial change worldwide. and by the alfred. sloan foundation supportin science, technology and improved financial performance and econom century.y in the 21st these institutions --upport of
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and friends of "newshour." this program was made possiblehe byorporation for public broadcasting and by contributions to your pbs statn fromiewers like you. thank you. this is "pbs newshour" west from ta studios in washington and our bureau from the waer cronkite bureau of journalism at arizona state university. ♪ [captioning performed ap the nationaloning institute, which is responsible for its caption content and accuracy.]
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♪ ♪ - the cooking of thailand is very much like the cooking of the philippines or cambodia or china, at least in terms of the south versus the north. the southern part of the country has more spices and the northern part of the , brighter recipes. so we're going to start in southern thailand with two recipes-- a cumin- coriander fried chicken and also a braised pork dish with cloves ancinnamon. and then we go to the northern part of thailand to make larb, which is a minced beef salad, which is light and bright ju with cilantro, lime, and mint.


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